Nepal : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Nepal


International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publication Date:

February 17, 2019

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This Selected Issues paper examines the degree to which inflation co-moves between India and a panel of countries in Asia. The paper shows that the considerable co-movement in headline inflation rates between India and Nepal is driven almost exclusively by food-inflation co-movement. By contrast, the role of inflation spillovers from India in driving nonfood inflation in Nepal appears limited. The implication is that Nepal should rely on domestic monetary policy rather than stable inflation in India to achieve stable domestic inflation. The main takeaway is that food inflation co-movement between India and other countries is higher when co-movement in rainfall deviation from seasonal norms is highest. Since core inflation co-movement is weak, idiosyncratic domestic factors such as economic slack, exchange rate movements, and differing degrees of pass-through from food- and energy-price shocks play an important role. This finding is critically important for monetary policy, especially since domestic policy is primarily effective only in controlling core inflation. Thus, domestic monetary policy must be calibrated according to domestic inflation pressure—Nepal cannot necessarily rely on stable inflation in India to achieve stable domestic inflation.


Country Report No. 19/60



Publication Date:

February 17, 2019



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