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Monetary Exchange Rate and Capital Account Policies

These courses, presented by the IMF Institute, share concepts, tools, models and good practices underlying monetary, exchange rate and capital-account policies to promote macroeconomic and financial stability.


Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to: Assess whether FX reserves are adequate using standard and new indicators of reserve adequacy. Assess the effectiveness of interventions in the FX market, using case studies of interventions. Measure the degree of real exchange rate misalignment using different models and methods, including the EBA. Construct systems for early warning of currency crises using data on nominal exchange rates and international reserves. Estimate the probability of experiencing a currency crisis using panel data econometric techniques. Customize models and techniques taught in this course (including EBA, reserve adequacy metrics, early warning systems) to home country data and use those that are relevant to their work for policy analysis. Participants will also be able to: Describe the exchange rate regime choice and how country-specific features could influence the choice. Identify policy inconsistencies that may lead to currency crises. Identify policy measures to prevent them.


This course, presented by the Institute for Capacity Development, is devoted to fostering understanding of the dynamics of capital flows and their effects on economic growth, macroeconomic volatility, and risk of crisis. The course discusses policy options available to reap the benefits of capital market integration while minimizing and mitigating its adverse effects. The course starts with a refresher on balance of payments statistics and a description of alternative measures of capital flows and financial (capital) account openness. The second part of the course introduces the determinants of capital flows and the link between these flows and economic growth, macroeconomic volatility, and crisis risk. The course concludes with a discussion of capital account management tools and how they relate to financial regulation and exchange rate intervention. The course includes case studies of actual crises, so that participants learn how policy setting and failure to recognize and address the buildup of vulnerabilities led to crisis. Throughout the course, participants are expected to engage in discussions and work on practical workshop exercises to solidify their understanding of the lecture material.


This online course, presented by the Institute for Capacity Development, introduces participants to quarterly projection macroeconomic models developed as a core of FPAS (Forecasting and Policy Analysis Systems) and how to implement the key canonical quarterly projection model (QPM) equations in a macroeconomic modeling software. This course uses detailed country data highlighting an inflation targeting central bank, for hands-on filtration and calibration exercises.

The course covers two main technical aspects:

  • introduction to a canonical New Keynesian model structure and its key properties; and
  • implementation of the QPM in Matlab/Octave and the application of IRIS toolbox for solving and maintaining the QPM.


This course, presented by the Institute for Capacity Development, gives a comprehensive overview of monetary policy regimes, monetary transmission mechanisms, and the role of monetary policy in macroeconomic stabilization. The course bridges the gap between theory, empirical evidence, and operational experience by illustrating the optimization problems and tradeoffs involved in monetary policy decisions. The learning process moves from lectures introducing the basic concepts to hands-on workshops. Case studies are used to reinforce participant understanding and to help them compare and assess a variety of experiences.


This course, presented by the Institute for Capacity Development, provides rigorous training on the use of simple Dynamic New Keynesian (DNK) models to conduct monetary analysis and forecasting. It emphasizes analysis of monetary policy responses to macroeconomic imbalances and shocks. Participants are provided with the tools necessary to develop or extend the model to fit their own monetary policy framework. Country case studies are used to reinforce participant understanding and to help them compare and assess a variety of possible experiences.

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