IMF Annual Report 2023

Committed to collaboration

International coordination and multilateralism are essential for building a green, digital, and inclusive future.

Workers carry out construction work in a mine in the Peruvian highlands.Workers carry out construction work in a mine in the Peruvian highlands.

The IMF collaborates with countries in the face of multiple global economic shocks.


Navigating Uncertainty

190 countries working to promote international monetary cooperation,

facilitate international trade, contribute to high levels of employment and real income, promote exchange stability, and help member countries address balance-of-payments imbalances.

The global outlook is uncertain. The world economy has shown resilience, but in most countries near- and medium-term growth outlooks remain subdued and downside risks are elevated. In the context of tightening monetary policy stances to bring down inflation, successive shocks, including Russia’s war on Ukraine, are weighing on the economy and on macro-financial stability, including financial sector stress. Inflation has moderated somewhat, but underlying price pressures remain sticky.

Debt vulnerabilities are elevated, with 60 percent of low-income countries and 25 percent of emerging market economies in or at risk of debt distress. Debt-restructuring processes have been sluggish. Meanwhile, inequality persists within and across countries, and a record 350 million people in 79 countries face acute food insecurity.

Rising geoeconomic fragmentation risks are making it more difficult to respond to shared challenges, which calls for decisive steps to rebuild trust. The global peace dividend is shrinking, and with it, the resources available to support the vulnerable. Protectionism is on the rise, hampering global trade and eroding hard-won gains from integration. Confronting shared challenges, such as the climate crisis and digitalization, will require overcoming differences and boosting international cooperation.

The IMF is committed to collaborating with its members to find pragmatic solutions to move the world economy onto a sustainable upward trajectory. Ensuring sound domestic policies, bolstering global trade, and strengthening institutions will counter uncertainty and fortify macroeconomic resilience. Stepped-up international assistance and solutions to address high debt burdens will support vulnerable countries. Investing in digital technologies will help build a more prosperous and inclusive future. And jointly tackling climate change will sustain our planet.

Aerial photo of the Djemaa el Fna market in MoroccoAerial photo of the Djemaa el Fna market in Morocco

Marrakech 2023

World Bank – IMF Annual Meetings

Morocco is located at the crossroads of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East, bridging cultures and civilizations for millennia. During October 9–15, 2023, Morocco will host the World Bank–IMF Annual Meetings in Marrakech, marking the return of the Annual Meetings to Africa after 50 years and the return to the Middle East and North Africa region after 20 years. Marrakech 2023 will provide a unique opportunity for the IMF’s global membership to tackle mounting challenges together and discuss policy and reform priorities under the meetings’ overarching themes of building resilience, securing transformational reforms, and reinvigorating global cooperation.

Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva taking a photo with Emirati Women LeadersManaging Director Kristalina Georgieva taking a photo with Emirati Women Leaders

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