Giovanni Ganelli is a Senior Economist in the IMF’s Research Department. His previous assignments include Deputy Head of Office in the IMF’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (OAP); and Mission Chief for Samoa and Senior Desk for Malaysia in the Asia and Pacific Department. He also worked in the Fiscal Affairs, European, and Institute for Capacity Development departments of the IMF. During his career he participated in IMF missions to Asia, Africa, and Europe. His research focuses on fiscal policy, structural reforms, and external sector issues. His papers have been published in several scientific journals, including the Journal of International Economics, Economics Letters, and the Journal of Economic, Dynamics and Control.