Jean-Marc Fournier is an economist in the IMF’s Fiscal Policy and Surveillance Division, Fiscal Affairs Department. At the IMF, he developed a model to assess fiscal stance and provided fiscal advice for a range of countries, including Belgium, Côte d’Ivoire, France, India, Japan, Mexico, and the United States. He was previously an economist in the Economics Department of the OECD, an adjunct professor of econometrics and an economist in the Short-Term Forecasting Department at Insee (the French institute of statistics). He is the author of scientific publications on fiscal policy, income inequality, macroeconomics, the financial crisis, and econometrics. He holds graduate degrees from the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration Economique.